Tag-Archive for » biodiesel «

quarta-feira, janeiro 27th, 2010 | Author: admin

A new, widely anticipated Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS2) should be issued by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) “very soon,” Administrator Lisa Jackson said Tuesday. “(EPA is) working very hard to finalize the [new rule] as soon as possible,” Jackson said. The rule is now at the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) for an interagency review.
Biofuels makers have been waiting for the rules, which are designed to implement a 2007 law that mandated an ever-increasing amount of biofuels be added to transportation fuel. This year, 12.95 billion gallons of renewable fuel must be part of the supply, up almost 17% from last year. Of that total, almost one billion gallons must come from advanced biofuels.
The EPA has been working to determine what biofuels count as advanced. To qualify, each type of advanced biofuel must produce greenhouse-gas emissions that are at least 50% lower than the emissions associated with ordinary gasoline. The question is how to measure emissions, since the EPA must look across the entire life cycle from the time a seed is planted to the time a fuel is burned.  As part of that, the EPA must account for the potential impact of clearing land that absorbs greenhouse gases to make room for crops that absorb less of the gases.
The agency’s ultimate decision will also determine what types of new biofuel plants may break ground.
By law, new biofuel plants must produce fuels with greenhouse-gas emissions that are at least 20% lower that emissions associated with traditional gasoline.
Another question involves the future of corn-based ethanol. When the EPA proposed rules in May 2009, the agency outlined two different scenarios. One scenario largely favored the ethanol industry, and another would prohibit all but one corn-ethanol-production process. At issue is whether the EPA determines that ethanol producers are able to find ways to operate more efficiently–such as through the use of enzymes or other processes.
Oil companies have their own concerns. ConocoPhillips (COP) told the White House recently that the system for ensuring that marketers comply with the standards wasn’t workable. The company also opposed an EPA proposal that would allow biodiesel to qualify. The biodiesel industry is fighting back. The National Biodiesel Board has complained that companies aren’t buying biodiesel in mandated volumes because of the EPA’s delay in issuing rules.

Sugarcane blog

quinta-feira, dezembro 24th, 2009 | Author: admin

Feedstock-rich Indonesia is poised to boost production of biodiesel.
The government plans to develop regional centres for processing palm oil into biodiesel and other products. The government is seeking investment to produce oleochemicals, oils and biodiesel from palm oil.
As the nation awaits a record production of 21.5 million tons of palm oil next year three areas for processing have been readied – Riau, North Sumatra and East Kalimantan.
Indonesia earned $12.4 billion in palm oil revenue last year, making it the country’s largest non-oil and gas export earner, Hatta said.
The country has a potential 18 million hectares of land that can be developed for palm, including 7.9 million hectares of existing areas already planted, Indonesia’s agriculture minister says.

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terça-feira, dezembro 08th, 2009 | Author: admin

The driver for biofuels usage is not limited to the United States and Europe, but is also growing in the Asia-Pacific and Latin American regions, according to Tammy Klein, executive director of global biofuels services for Hart Energy Consulting. She spoke about the global biofuels outlook on the Canadian Renewable Fuels Summit at Vancouver, British Columbia.
Thirty countries are implementing biofuels targets in 2010 alone, she said, with many of these countries in the developing world encouraging biofuels as a means of building energy security and improving their rural economies. Biodiesel demand is expected to double between 2009 and 2015, while supply is expected to grow threefold. “Currently there is massive overcapacity on a global basis in the biodiesel industry and utilization rates are generally below 50 percent,” she added. Current global biodiesel capacity is already large enough to supply the demand projected for 2015 of 10 billion gallons per year.
Currently, 30 countries worldwide are blending biodiesel, with the typical B5 beginning to inch upward. Several countries in Europe are moving towards B7, with Brazil moving towards higher blends and Indonesia considering B10.
In 2009, developing countries represented 17 percent of biodiesel demand and almost 50 percent of global supply. That is expected to grow to 42.6 percent of biodiesel demand and 59.2 percent of global supply by 2015. Much of that demand among developing countries will be for domestic use, she added. African nations are looking towards biofuels for job creation, economic development and domestic energy supply and are not likely to become international players. In the Asia-Pacific region, the big four—Indonesia, Malaysia, China and the Philippines—represent 74 percent of biodiesel demand in the region. Brazil is likely to produce biodiesel to satisfy its internal markets and continue to raise blending limits to absorb capacity.
Europe is expected to see the greatest penetration of biodiesel into the diesel market by 2015, although the pending implementation of sustainability standards for its Renewable Energy Directives is raising questions. “We don’t know how Europe will meet its RED requirements,” Klein said. With U.S. imports restricted by countervailing duties and the Brazilians using their biodiesel internally, it may leave Argentina and the Asia-Pacific producers to supply Europe, driving an expansion of the Asia-Pacific industry in particular. Europe will remain the largest consumer of biodiesel at about 44 percent of world consumption, but Asia-Pacific will come close with a 39 percent share by 2015, she projected.Klein urged the group of Canadian Renewable Fuels Association members to be proactive about involvement in policy development and the work being done on sustainability standards, not only in dialoguing with nongovernmental organizations but also engaging with governments and organizations like the Roundtable for Sustainable Biofuels. “The complaint from the RSB is they don’t have enough industry participation, and not enough producer involvement,” she said.
She also predicted that the anticipated EU sustainability standards for biofuels will be challenged in the World Trade Organization as a protectionist trade barrier. At a recent international meeting, she reported, “the change in tenor was astonishing” from the EC representative who openly admitted they would have to consider WTO implications in the development of the RED. “Brazil is watching the EC closely,” she said. “And Brazil has a history of winning WTO cases.” If a WTO suit successfully challenges Europe’s sustainable biofuels policy, it could also impact U.S. policy as well, she added.

Biodiesel Magazine, Susanne Retka Schill

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sexta-feira, dezembro 04th, 2009 | Author: admin

De acordo com o Instituto PNBE de Desenvolvimento Social, o Brasil tem uma produção nacional de óleos e gorduras residuais (OGRs) de cerca de 1,2 milhões de toneladas por ano. O número é baseado no resíduo do consumo interno do produto e seria suficiente para incrementar a adição de biodiesel no diesel em até 4%, sem a necessidade de recorrer a outras oleaginosas, como a soja e o algodão, e até mesmo sem precisar do sebo bovino.

A maior parte desses resíduos (60%) é de origem domiciliar, equivalente a 720 mil toneladas ou 818 milhões de litros. O restante vem de bares, restaurantes e lanchonetes, totalizando cerca de 530 milhões de litros ao ano.

A competitividade dos OGRs como insumo para o biodiesel depende, principalmente, dos custos logísticos de coleta, guarda, transporte até o local primário de recepção e os transportes e armazenamentos sucessivos até chegar à unidade de produção do biocombustível. O grande gargalo para o aproveitamento comercial desse resíduo tem sido a coleta domiciliar, considerada inviável economicamente devido à pulverização da oferta.

Para fazer frente a este desafio, a entidade está trabalhando com uma rede logística reversa, ou seja, entidades sociais locais (com ou sem o apoio de governos municipais) trabalham na conscientização e na mobilização da população local para o descarte correto do óleo de cozinha residual em pontos estratégicos de recepção. Para aumentar a eficiência da captação do resíduo em bares e restaurantes o Instituto PNBE também está com uma negociação em andamento para estabelecer uma parceria com a Associação Brasileira de Bares e Restaurantes (Abrasel).

Teodora acredita que esse modelo pode ser replicado em escala nacional, mas é preciso maior apoio do poder público para financiar a divulgação e a logística da coleta. “A maior dificuldade tem sido mobilizar a população. É necessário promover a educação, o convencimento e o estímulo à coleta”, diz. Nas próximas semanas o Instituto PNBE vai levar a proposta à prefeitura de São Paulo para tentar implantar o projeto em toda a capital.

E este projeto já está se desenvolvendo muito bem em São Paulo e região metropolitana através de uma rede de coleta de óleos e gorduras residuais (OGRs) residenciais.
O Programa Bióleo, desenvolvido pelo Instituto PNBE de Desenvolvimento Social, está integrando múltiplos projetos de coleta domiciliar e empresarial de óleo de fritura usado para servir de matéria-prima para as usinas de biodiesel. Hoje são recolhidos mensalmente 150 mil litros de óleo usado provenientes de oito bairros da capital paulista e mais cinco cidades da região metropolitana.

O programa foi lançado em novembro de 2008 e começou a ser implantado nas ruas em janeiro deste ano. A idéia é transformar esse resíduo nocivo ao meio ambiente em um insumo de valor, gerador de renda e trabalho para a população carente, abrangendo as áreas ambiental, social e de saneamento. “Além de gerar renda para os catadores, queremos dar condições para as entidades sociais participantes financiarem seus projetos”, diz Teodora Tavares, gerente do programa. A iniciativa conta com recursos do próprio Instituto PNBE, de algumas prefeituras e da Essencis, empresa que trabalha no tratamento de resíduos sólidos.

Os OGRs têm valor, desde que possam ser reutilizados por uma atividade produtiva. O preço do produto geralmente é determinado pelo custo do insumo que está sendo substituído. Mas no caso do programa o litro tem sido vendido por cerca de 40 centavos. Mesmo contando com os gastos do pré-tratamento desses óleos, o valor é bem atrativo se comparado ao litro de óleo de soja (principal insumo da indústria de biodiesel), cotado hoje a R$ 1,58 o litro.

Por enquanto o único comprador tem sido a Bioauto, de Diadema (SP), que tem investido na estruturação de uma rede de coleta de óleo de cozinha, bem como na produção de pinhão-manso, para futuramente abastecer sua usina de biodiesel em Nova Mutum (MT), que está em fase de construção.

Conheça algumas vantagens da utilização dos OGRs na fabricação de biodiesel:

- Diminui o impacto ambiental causado pelo descarte incorreto do OGR

- Quando usado como biodiesel é 70% menos emissor de GEE

- Financia projetos sociais de entidades sem recursos econômicos

- Melhora a renda de catadores e coletores

- Diminui gastos com tratamento de água e desobstrução de redes de esgoto

- Diminui problemas com a saúde

BiodieselBR.com / Site Instituto PNBE

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domingo, novembro 29th, 2009 | Author: admin

Canadian ethanol emits 62 percent less greenhouse gas than conventional fuel, taking into consideration all stages of the fuel’s production from planting a crop to burning the fuel, a new report prepared for Canada’s biofuel industry.  “We can clearly demonstrate that we are producing a fuel that reduces greenhouse gases,” said Gordon Quaiattini, president of the Canadian Renewable Fuels Association. “The notion (of) a negative environmental result is just garbage.”

Ethanol reduces GHGs by 62%, Biodiesel by 99%

A new independent third party analysis of Canadian renewable fuel production conclusively confirms that Canadian produced ethanol and biodiesel significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Cheminfo Services Inc., a specialized environment, energy, transportation, and chemicals consulting firm was hired by the Canadian Renewable Fuels Association to analyze a sample of eight ethanol plants and three biodiesel plants in Canada. The analysis was conducted using the most recent version of the Natural Resources Canada GHGenius lifecycle assessment model for transportation fuels.
The analysis of the Canadian renewable fuel plants found:
* “On an energy basis, the results show that the reduction in fuelcycle GHG emissions from one megajoule (MJ) of ethanol (when used in an E10 fuel blend) is 62% of the fuelcycle GHG emissions for one megajoule (MJ) of gasoline.”
* “On an energy basis, the results show that the reduction in fuelcycle GHG emissions from one megajoule (MJ) of tallow biodiesel (when used in an D95/TD5 fuel blend) is 99% of the fuelcycle GHG emissions of one megajoule (MJ) of petroleum diesel.”
“This study confirms that homegrown ethanol and biodiesel deliver real and substantial greenhouse gas reductions,” says Gordon Quaiattini, President of the Canadian Renewable Fuels Association. “This is good news for the environment, this is also good news for farmers and the economy, and good news for Canadian drivers.”
The Cheminfo study is the first of its kind in Canada to draw exclusively upon Canadian renewable fuel facilities. The full study entitled, “Life Cycle Assessment of Renewable Fuel Production from Canadian Biofuel Plants for 2008-2009,” can be downloaded at http://www.greenfuels.org

sábado, novembro 28th, 2009 | Author: admin

Potencialmente viável para produção do biodiesel, a macaúba será tema central de eventos, coordenados pela Embrapa Agroenergia, unidade da Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Embrapa), vinculada ao Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento (MAPA), nos dias 2 e 3 de dezembro, em Minas Gerais.

No primeiro dia, o workshop Mapeamento de maciços e produtividade de macaúba reúne pesquisadores, produtores, professores e especialistas, para levantar as pesquisas atuais realizadas em maciços de macaúba nos estados de Minas Gerais e Goiás.

O evento acontece na Fundação Biominas, em Belo Horizonte, das 14 às 18 horas. Na oportunidade, serão discutidas questões como tamanho do maciço por ha, número de plantas por maciço e cachos por planta, além do peso dos cachos, produção total da planta e período de produção.

Também serão apresentados os mapeamentos realizados pela Embrapa Agroenergia, Embrapa Cerrados, pelas universidades Federal de Viçosa (UFV), Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) e de Estadual de Montes Claros (Unimontes), Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais (Epamig), Instituto Agronômico (IAC), Ong Trem, e pelas empresas Entaban Brasil e Usina Paradigma.

No segundo dia de evento, será realizado Dia de-Campo Manejo e processamento industrial de macaúba, na Usina Paradigma, em Jaboticatuba (MG). Na ocasião, serão apresentados pelo proprietário da Usina, Marcelo Moreira, o funcionamento da empresa e o processo de produção do óleo de macaúba. Os participantes terão a oportunidade de conhecer as etapas de produção e visitar maciços da palmeira oleífera ao entorno da usina.

Para o pesquisador da Embrapa Agroenergia, Leonardo Bhering, os eventos são uma boa oportunidade para troca de informações e experiências sobre a macaúba. “Será pertinente para reunir diferentes informações já existentes em instituições de pesquisas de todo o país”, aponta.

De acordo com Bhering, a macaúba se destaca pelo seu potencial para a produção de grandes quantidades de óleo por unidade de área, além da possibilidade de utilização em sistemas agrosilvopastoris. “A palmeira tem alto potencial para produção de biodiesel, girando em torno de 4.000 litros/ha”, reforça Leonardo.

Para viabilizar a utilização comercial da macaúba e torná-la uma espécie realmente atrativa para a produção de biodiesel, a Embrapa Agroenergia tem coordenado projetos de pesquisa, desenvolvimento e inovação que envolve essa oleaginosa. Com financiamento do Ministério da Agricultura e em parceria com a Embrapa Cerrados estão sendo realizados levantamentos da ocorrência de maciços nativos de macaúba em Minas Gerais, Goiás e Distrito Federal.

Embrapa Agoenergia

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quinta-feira, novembro 26th, 2009 | Author: admin

Korean motorists may be using more eco-friendly fuels in their cars in just a few years’ time.
The introduction of a Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) system, which would mandate the use of a mixture of biofuels and petrol in vehicles, is currently under consideration.
The government will review its plans and if everything works out the RFS system could be implemented as early as 2013.
The RFS system would see the minimum proportion of biodiesel fuel contained in petrol grow. Currently petrol in Korea only contains 1.5% of vegetable oil or animal fat-based diesel fuel.
If successful the move would be a breakthrough for the use of renewable energy in Korea. When a pilot scheme was launched in 2002, to ensure that petrol contained 20% biodiesel fuel, it was met by strong opposition from refiners and carmakers regarding its quality.

quinta-feira, novembro 26th, 2009 | Author: admin

In an attempt to kick start its commercial biofuel production project, Viridas has announced a €940,000 share placing to fund a plantation in Brazil. The share placing is just one of the ways the Leeds, UK-based company is raising money to establish a new administrative organisation in Brazil and to buy a 250 hectare farm in Bahia.
Stanley Wootliff, chairman of Viridas, said: ‘The placing provides Viridas with the additional working capital to move to the next stage of its development programme and to take advantage of the growing EU demand for compliant sustainable biodiesel and biomass sourced from a dedicated energy crop’.
Earlier this year the group needed around €5.5 million to fund the plantation but has since struggled to reach that amount due to the recession. The company hopes that the share will bring in more investments so it can continue with its production plans.
Viridas has predicted the plantations’ annual production to be around 60,000 tonnes of crude jatropha oil and 240,000 tonnes of biomass.

quinta-feira, novembro 26th, 2009 | Author: admin

Feedstock supplier GEM BioFuels has started commercial production of crude jatropha oil (CJO).
The company plans to make its first shipment of CJO, bound for Europe and Australia, early next month and expect the value of the initial shipment to be relatively low.
Paul Benetti, CEO of GEM BioFuels said: ‘The commencement of commercial jatropha oil production is a landmark for the company and follows several years of development and refinement of our owner/manager operating model.’
This development has confirmed the effectiveness of simple, cold press, screw expellers in producing high quality CJO.
The shipments of CJO will be used as straight vegetable oil fuel for power generation and also as feedstock for biodiesel and chemical production.

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terça-feira, novembro 24th, 2009 | Author: admin

Brazil’s state-run Petrobras Biofuels acquired a 50 percent stake for $32 million in a BSBIOS SA plant in the state of Parana that is expected to begin commercial operations in the second quarter of 2010. The new plant has an installed capacity of 120 MMly (about 30 MMgy).
Petrobas Biofuel currently has a capacity of 324 million liters of biodiesel per year, with plants in Montes Claro, Dandeia and Quixada. The Parana plant will give the company a presence in the country’s southern region. BSBIOS is one of the largest biodiesel producers in southern Brazil with a 160 MMly plant in Passo Fundo using soybean oil, canola and sunflower. The new plant at Marialva, Parana, is in the final stages of construction.
In October, the Brazilian government announced it would advance the implementation of a B5 mandate from 2013 to 2010. The Ministry of Mines and Energy said the B5 target should increase the production of biodiesel in Brazil to 2.4 billion liters, making Brazil the second largest producer of biofuels in the world. The ministry has also announced an oilseed research program to reduce the country’s dependence upon soybean oil as a biodiesel feedstock.

Susanne Retka Schill

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