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sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

O Conselho Monetário Nacional (CMN) aprovou resoluções proibindo a liberação de crédito para cultivo de cana-de-açúcar em áreas consideradas inadequadas pelo Zoneamento Agroecológico, instituído pelo Decreto 6.961, publicado no dia 19 de setembro. Dessa forma, fica regulamentada a proibição de financiamento para a produção nos biomas Amazônia e Pantanal, Bacia do Alto Paraguai e terras indígenas.
Entidades do setor sucroalcooleiro, apoiadas por alguns parlamentares, reivindicam que algumas dessas áreas sejam excluídas da proibição. Entretanto, o coordenador-geral da Secretaria de Política Econômica do Ministério da Fazenda, Aloisio Melo, reforçou que está vetado o financiamento para áreas que o decreto define como inaptas ao plantio de cana.
“Se sair um projeto de lei mudando, serão feitas alterações, mas a resolução já regulamenta que onde o decreto diz que não é área apta está proibido o financiamento”, afirmou.
Na avaliação do governo, o zoneamento tornará a produção de etanol mais eficiente, estimulando o uso do biocombustível, menos poluente, produzido com a cana-de-açúcar. A intenção do governo é chegar a 2017 com um aumento de quase 100% na produção de etanol em relação ao volume atual, o que elevaria a área plantada para cerca de 1,7% do território do país.

Agência Brasil

sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

Mesmo com participação restrita em leilões regulados, a biomassa, incluindo-se o bagaço de cana, lenha, lixívia e outras recuperações, já representa expressivos 5% da oferta interna de energia elétrica. A informação foi divulgada pelo presidente da União da Indústria de Cana-de-Açúcar (Unica), Marcos Jank, durante o workshop Integração da Bioeletricidade na Matriz Elétrica - Oportunidade de Oferta e Cenários para 2010 e 2011, promovido pela Companhia Operadora do Mercado Energético (Coomex), Unica e Associação da Indústria de Cogeração de Energia (Cogen), em São Paulo.
Segundo Jank, a bioeletricidade sucroenergética poderá atingir 10.158 MW médios exportados até a safra 2017/18, o que sinalizaria uma reserva de energia para o sistema elétrico superior ao produzido por ano em Itaipu. O executivo também ressaltou que, quando se avalia o potencial da bioeletricidade no estado de São Paulo, pode-se atingir 4.753 MW médios, ou seja, mais do que o total produzido por todas as usinas que compõem a Companhia Energética de São Paulo (Cesp), a maior empresa de produção de energia elétrica do estado. “Tudo isso no coração do sistema elétrico, São Paulo”, afirmou Jank.
Para que toda essa reserva de bioeletricidade saia do papel é necessário adotar iniciativas que integrem uma política setorial adequada, alertou Jank. Entre essas iniciativas está a maior regularidade nos leilões específicos para a fonte bioeletricidade, com atenção aos projetos de modernização das instalações térmicas (retrofit) em usinas mais antigas, que, em sua maioria, representam uma oportunidade única para o Estado de São Paulo.
Além disso, há dificuldades com a conexão e o reforço das redes de transmissão e seria necessário adotar um preço-teto nos leilões regulados que incorpore os benefícios da bioeletricidade, sobretudo a complementaridade com a geração hidrelétrica e o balanço ambiental positivo, por proporcionar um considerável volume evitado de emissões de gases causadores do efeito estufa, ou GEEs.
Segundo Jank, a ausência de uma política específica para o setor tem contribuído para um desempenho tímido da bioeletricidade nos leilões regulados. Exemplo disto é o ocorrido no último leilão de energia nova A-3, realizado no fim de agosto, quando foram comercializados 10 MW médios provenientes de apenas um empreendimento de bioeletricidade, apesar de o setor sucroenergético ter cadastrado 20 projetos, totalizando 995 MW em potência. Um dos principais fatores para ocorrer essa diferença entre o cadastrado e o efetivamente comercializado em leilão teria sido a divulgação do preço-teto admitido, que tem ocorrido sempre após a etapa do cadastramento.
Apesar do esforço do setor sucroenergético em cadastrar uma oferta significativa, a posterior divulgação do preço-teto tem provocado desestímulos aos investidores em bioeletricidade. “O que aconteceu no último leilão mostra que o setor tem condições de contribuir significativamente para a garantia de suprimento energético limpo para a sociedade, mas há necessidade de uma política setorial que inclua um preço remunerador e condições adequadas para a bioeletricidade”, avalia Zilmar de Souza, assessor em bioeletricidade da Unica.

Unica

sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

California-based process technology provider EdeniQ Inc. has announced additional partnerships with ethanol producers to implement the company’s yield enhancement technology. EdeniQ has been conducting commercial trials of its Corn3 yield enhancement program for months and has several producers participating in the first phase of the program.

The company recently expanded its list of production facilities utilizing the technology to include E Energy Adams LLC in Nebraska and Comanche Clean Energy, a Brazilian sugarcane-to-ethanol producer.
EdeniQ’s program is a three-step yield enhancement technology that is expected to ultimately boost ethanol yields by 10 percent.
EdeniQ CEO Larry Gross said each phase of the technology is capable of increasing production yields by one-third of the total 10 percent. Phase one utilizes a patented low-glycerol yeast to boost yields; phase two requires installation of a proprietary milling device to reduce the size of the cornmeal, thus increasing the amount of corn starch; phase three, which is still under development, will include the use of enzymes and can be utilized for cellulosic ethanol production, according to the company. Gross said EdeniQ is in the process of scaling up this phase of its technology and will be ready to deploy it in 2010.

ICM Inc. has been contracted to install EdeniQ’s milling device, the Cellunator, at the E Energy Adams facility. Gross said installation is expected to take up to eight weeks. E Energy Adams CEO Carl Sitzmann said the company chose to install EdeniQ’s technology because enhancing productivity is essential to achieving and maintaining healthy margins. “The technology doesn’t cost much to install, it’s not disruptive to operations and it delivers immediate results to our bottom line,” he said.
The technology agreement formed between EdeniQ and Comanche marks EdeniQ’s entry into the Brazilian market and may also signify a shift in Brazil’s technology mindset. Comanche Chairman Thomas Cauchois said his company has taken a different approach to production than some of the other producers and is more open to technology and risks. However, he believes that is about to change. “We are beginning to see a period of change in the industry,” he said. “The sector has become more competitive and needs to invest in environmental and worker safety and that means you have to strive for greater industrial and agricultural efficiency in Brazil. The sector is not set up to do that. Many plants are very old and many companies are not willing to take risk. [However,] there is a wave of industrial efficiency coming through Brazil right now.”
Comanche was founded in 2007 and currently operates two sugarcane-to-ethanol production facilities with a combined production capacity of 170 million liters (45 million gallons). Cauchois said EdeniQ began running tests at Comanche plants in April and received good results. The technology used for sugarcane-based ethanol is different than corn-based ethanol, but the end result is still expected to be an approximate 10 percent increase in yield, according to EdeniQ. Cauchois said the Comanche facilities are currently operating with the first phase of the technology and yield improvements have been positive and are increasing as formulations have been tweaked.
EdeniQ’s ultimate goal is to assist first-generation producers to improve their processes as a way to open the door to wide-scale cellulosic ethanol production, according to Gross. “EdeniQ has always viewed the movement from legacy ethanol production to cellulosic production as an evolutionary process,” he said. “Given the current financial environment, migrating the billions of dollars of capital deployed in today’s corn and sugarcane ethanol industries toward more advanced production makes a lot of sense. Our first suite of yield enhancement technologies helps producers all over the world shore up their financial and environmental results, which, in turn lets them make additional investments in next-generation technologies.”

Ethanol Producer Magazine

sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

A resolução do Conselho Nacional de Política Energética (CNPE) estabelecendo o mínimo de 5% de adição de biodiesel ao óleo diesel comercializado ao consumidor final está no Diário Oficial da União de 26/10/2009. O B5, que estava previsto em lei para começar a vigorar em 2013, será obrigatório em todo o território nacional a partir de 1º de janeiro do ano que vem, conforme anunciou o presidente Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva.
De acordo com o CNPE, o maior uso do biodiesel na matriz energética nacional favorece a agregação de valor às matérias-primas oleaginosas de origem nacional, o desenvolvimento da indústria nacional de bens e serviços e a ampliação da geração de emprego e renda em sua cadeia produtiva.
A medida considera que o biodiesel é uma fonte energética renovável e favorece a redução das emissões de gases responsáveis pelo efeito estufa. Também possibilita a redução da importação de diesel derivado de petróleo, com efetivos positivos na balança comercial. Além disso, a capacidade de produção de biodiesel instalada no país é suficiente para atender à elevação do percentual de adição de 4% para 5%. Essa adição não exigirá alteração dos motores e da frota veicular em circulação.

Agência Brasil

Category: NEWS  | Tags:  | Leave a Comment
sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

Europe will attempt to reassert its global leadership on climate change during a two-day summit in Brussels (29-30 October), with EU leaders set to back emissions reductions “of at least 80-95%” for the developed world by 2050, according to a draft statement.
The EU’s pledge comes as part of international negotiations on climate change to take place in Copenhagen next month but will only become effective if other developed nations follow suit.
“The European Union is at the forefront of efforts to fight climate change,” the draft summit statement  reads. “It supports an EU objective […] to reduce emissions by 80-95% by 2050 compared to 1990 levels.”
Last year, the European Union committed to reducing its emissions by 20% unilaterally by 2020, regardless of what other countries do.
This week, EU leaders will reiterate their pledge to raise this target to 30% “provided that other developed countries commit themselves to comparable emissions reductions” and that emerging economies such as China and India “contribute adequately” according to their emissions levels and “capabilities”.
“The EU’s commitment to step up to the 30% target hinges entirely on other countries making comparable commitments,” an EU diplomat stressed before the summit meeting.

EU’s climate leadership a hoax?

However, the EU’s self-acclaimed leadership on climate change came under fire from Sandbag, a UK-based campaign group, which said the 2020 pledge was essentially a hoax. “Far from leading the world with ambitious reduction targets, the EU is hiding behind clever accounting and in fact pledging to do very little,” the group said.
According to Sandbag, this is because emissions cuts in Europe to date have mainly come from unrelated macro-economic circumstances, including post-communist de-industrialisation in Eastern Europe in the early 1990s. “Using a 1990 baseline for cutting emissions makes Europe’s effort look unfairly good compared to other parts of the world,” the group said.
“When considered in this context, the EU’s conditional offer of a 30% reduction by 2020 is in reality only a 10% reduction in domestic emissions from current levels. By 2010, we will have already achieved a 10% cut against 1990 and half of the remaining effort to meet the 20% target is likely to be met through purchasing permits from overseas, giving a domestic reduction of only 10% over a decade.”

Climate aid deadlock

In addition, EU leaders are expected to fall short of an agreement on finances to help developing nations switch to clean energy.“The primary political battleground is whether to release figures in advance of Copenhagen or not,” an EU diplomat said.The European Commission has suggested that developed nations could contribute between €20-50 billion per year by 2020. The figure corresponds to the overall level of international public support and should be “subject to a fair burden sharing at the global level,” the EU summit conclusions read.But some member states are calling for more specific commitments, with the UK saying the agreed range should be narrowed down to €30-40 bn, the EU diplomat said. Denmark and Netherlands also want clear concrete numbers.At the other end of the scale, Germany is pushing strongly not to agree on specific numbers in advance of the Copenhagen meeting. Meanwhile, Poland and other Central and Eastern European countries are absolutely opposed to the EU putting a figure on the table without knowing first how the burden will be shared internally. Their concern is that they would end up paying more than they can afford.
Diplomats say they are now watching closely what the French position will be and whether they will side with the UK or Germany. “Sarkozy is viewed as a key player but it is currently unclear as to which direction he will veer,” the diplomat said.

EurActiv

sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

It seems unlikely that a comprehensive climate treaty will be sealed at December’s UN conference in Copenhagen despite progress made, but a political agreement is still very much possible, Yvo de Boer, the UN’s top climate official, told journalists (28 October). “It is absolutely clear that Copenhagen must deliver a strong political agreement and nail down the essentials” for a strong long-term response to global warming, said de Boer, head of the Bonn-based UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Ahead of Barcelona next week (2-6 November), the last negotiating round before the Copenhagen talks, de Boer pointed out that “time is running out”.

With less than forty days to go until Copenhagen, de Boer spelled out four essentials which would form the “framework” for a deal. These include ambitious emission reductions targets for industrialised countries, appropriate mitigation actions by developing countries, significantly scaled-up financial and technological resources and an equitable governance structure to manage the funds.
“It is physically impossible, under any scenario, to complete every detail of a treaty in Copenhagen,” de Boer added, noting a technical process will have to be put in place next year to work out all the details.
Using history as a supporting argument, de Boer noted that when the Kyoto Protocol was signed, “a number of key political questions that remained outstanding” were sorted out.
“It took five years, I believe, before the Kyoto Protocol was ultimately ratified by a sufficient number of countries and entered into force. So to get every last detail right, it takes time,” he added, stressing that not one of the countries that ratified Kyoto had the domestic policy framework in place to implement the targets at the time.

‘Stable and predictable’ finance: All eyes on Brussels

Referring to European climate leadership, de Boer described the summit of EU leaders starting in Brussels today and the G20 finance ministers meeting in Scotland in mid-November as the two major opportunities to break the deadlock on three key issues, which include mid-term emissions reduction targets, action from developing countries to limit emissions and most importantly clarity over “stable and predictable” financing.Recalling that the EU had postponed decisions on both short and long-term financing a number of times already, de Boer said he hoped a UK proposal for annual up-front financing of EUR 10bn would get a positive response from other member states. “All eyes are on the EU to provide clarity,” he said. Regarding long-term financing, the UN climate chief stressed the need to agree on a burden-sharing formula for how funds will be generated to help developing countries combat climate change.De Boer sees the Montreal Protocol (on substances that deplete the ozone layer) as a basis for developing a viable burdensharing mechanism.It is estimated that the total net incremental cost of mitigating the effects of climate change and limiting CO2 emissions in developing countries could amount to around EUR 100 billion annually by 2020, to be met through a combination of efforts, including the carbon market and public finance. The EU’s contribution should be in the range of EUR 2-15 bn.
The European Commission last month said the EU should provide €5bn-7bn of “fast track” funding between 2010 and 2013 to help developing countries “front-load” measures to tackle climate change.

Danish compromise in the making?

If no agreement is reached by the UN negotiating parties in Copenhagen, de Boer confirmed that it will be up to the Danes, ahead of the high-level segment at the end of the conference, to decide how to take the process forward.  Although no-one wants to talk about a ‘Plan B’, speculation is rife that the Danes are preparing a compromise text that would see the light should all other attempts to reach a deal fail.
“What has to be absolutely clear is that we do not have another year to sit on our hands until Mexico,” where the next annual UN talks after Copenhagen are due to take place, de Boer said, stressing that this December presents a “unique window of opportunity”.

China and US will not sign bilateral agreement on targets

Meanwhile, ahead of US President Barack Obama’s visit to China next month, US climate envoy Todd Stern said the United States did not expect to sign a landmark agreement on carbon emissions targets with China. “I don’t think we are getting any agreement per se,” Stern said.
A deal between China and the United States - the biggest emitters in the world, together accounting for about 40% of greenhouse gases - could help unlock a Copenhagen accord. The two countries are expected to agree to deepen cooperation on clean energy ahead of Copenhagen.

EurActiv

sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

An upcoming international conference on climate change is looking less likely to produce a new treaty to slow global warming, says a United Nations official.
Janos Pasztor, director of the secretary general’s Climate Change Support Team, said Monday a number of factors are making it less likely that climate talks in Copenhagen in December will produce a deal to replace the Kyoto Protocol.
“It’s hard to say how far the conference will be able to go,” said Pasztor, particularly because the United States has yet to approve legislation that would cut greenhouse gas emissions by 80 per cent over the next 40 years.
The 1997 Kyoto Protocol only required 37 industrialized nations to cut emissions, and the lack of participation of the United States and China — the two largest emitters of greenhouse gases in the world — helped undermine its effectiveness. United Nations officials have been hoping the U.S. under President Barack Obama would not only join a new agreement, but also help lead the way for others to participate.
“Secretary General [Ban Ki-moon] sees U.S. engagement as vital for a climate change deal,” said Pasztor. “He stated that we cannot afford another period where the U.S. stands on the sidelines.”
But enthusiasm about U.S. involvement has begun to wane, as the Obama administration has made health care a priority. As a result, a Senate bill imposing emission guidelines is not expected to pass before the Copenhagen conference and likely would not happen until next year at the earliest, according to Senate Democrats.


Belief in climate change declines: poll

Popular support for climate change as a political issue is also declining in the United States, according to a Pew Research Centre poll reported last week.
The poll of 1,500 adults found just over half of Americans favoured setting limits on carbon emissions and making companies pay for their emissions, while 56 per cent supported U.S. participation in international agreements.
But more alarming, said Pasztor, was that the poll found only 57 per cent of Americans believe there is strong evidence that the Earth has grown hotter in the past few decades, down from 77 per cent in 2006.
In Canada, the New Democratic Party had tried to push through a private member’s bill on greenhouse gas emission targets before Copenhagen, but was denied when the House of Commons environment committee received an extension to study the legislation further.
Bill C-311 would have called for Canada to cut greenhouse gas emissions to 25 per cent below 1990 levels by 2020 and 80 per cent below 1990 levels by 2050.
Earlier this month, Environment Minister Jim Prentice said it was doubtful that the international community would be able to reach an agreement at the Copenhagen conference.
Pasztor said there was “tremendous activity by governments in capitals and internationally to shape the outcome” of the Copenhagen conference. But two unresolved issues are emission reduction targets for industrialized countries and how to finance actions by developing countries to limit their emissions growth and adapt to the effects of climate change, he said.

UN Wire

sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

EU leaders are trying to break an impasse over funding to help poor countries combat global warming on the last day of their Brussels summit.  Sweden’s prime minister called on EU leaders to set a fixed sum, paving the way for other rich donors like the US and Japan to make similar pledges. But a coalition of nine poorer European nations has threatened to block a deal unless richer EU countries pay more.
EU leaders also moved no closer to agreement on a prospective president of the European Council, with former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair’s chances of securing the role receding.

Climate wrangle
British Prime Minister Gordon Brown said on Friday that EU leaders had reached consensus on what to offer other countries at December’s UN climate conference in Copenhagen.”Europe is making three conditional offers, money on the table, saying we will do everything we can to make a climate change deal happen,” he said on Friday.
The EU is committed to cutting greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2020 and by up to 30% if other countries join in. But the BBC’s Oana Lungescu, in Brussels, says that with just weeks to go before the Copenhagen summit, Europeans are struggling over how much money to offer developing nations to fight the effects of global warming.
The European Commission has recommended EU nations pay up to 15bn euros ($22bn; £13bn) a year from 2013 to developing nations. A draft text of the summit conclusions, seen by the BBC, says EU leaders agree with the European Commission’s estimate that the total cost of climate adaptation in developing countries could reach about 100bn euros ($148bn; £90bn) annually by 2020.
“Do the majority of leaders want someone who can get a hearing at the White House, or do they want someone who will build consensus within the European Union? ”
Of that 100bn euros, international public financing is estimated at 22-50bn euros annually by 2020, “subject to a fair burden-sharing at the global level”.
Polish Finance Minister Jacek Rostowski told the BBC that eastern European nations should be allowed to contribute according to their means, not to how much they pollute - otherwise they were ready to block a deal. “It’s a coalition of nine countries and there are countries there like Bulgaria and Latvia which are considerably poorer than Brazil and which would be expected to help Brazil in its adjustments to climate change,” he said.
The draft conclusions appear to recognise the eastern Europeans’ concerns, saying that the EU contributions for developing countries “should be based on a comprehensive global distribution key” and “should take into account the ability to pay of less prosperous [EU] member states, through an internal adjustment mechanism”.
But the EU does not spell out how the member states’ contributions will be calculated - whether their CO2 emissions or their ability to pay will weigh more heavily in the calculation.
The UK and Scandinavian countries had been calling on the EU to put a figure on its climate help for poorer countries, ahead of the Copenhagen summit in December. Germany’s Chancellor Angela Merkel was reluctant however to commit to a figure.
The EU says it is “more than ever fully determined to play a leading role” in the climate negotiations, which it says need “new momentum”.
But the draft conclusions also call for firm commitments from other developed countries. In the US, a bill on cutting CO2 emissions is still going through Congress.
Aid agencies say a deal on climate financing for poorer countries is crucial for the outcome of Copenhagen summit.
Tim Gore, a spokesman for Oxfam International, told that so far, the EU’s figures were “about half of what we say is needed from the EU”.
“We need the right EU signal to build the momentum needed ahead of Copenhagen,” he added.

BBC, Gavin Hewitt, Europe editor

sábado, outubro 31st, 2009 | Author: admin

A Câmara dos Deputados aprovou projeto de lei que trata das políticas de mudanças climáticas. Os parlamentares aprovaram o texto apresentado pelo deputado Antonio Carlos Mendes Thame (PSDB-SP), relator da proposta na comissão especial que analisou o projeto de autoria do deputado Sarney Filho (PV-MA).
O relator apresentou várias mudanças. Entre elas, a que estabelece que o governo terá que definir metas quantificáveis e verificáveis quanto à redução na emissão de gases do efeito estufa. O projeto segue agora à apreciação do Senado Federal.
Outra mudança apresentada por Mendes Thame e aprovada pelos deputados determina como uma das linhas de atuação o uso de incentivos fiscais e tributários para estimular o consumo de produtos ambientalmente corretos. O relator estabeleceu também que os chamados créditos de carbono são títulos mobiliários negociáveis em bolsas de valores e de mercadorias e futuros.
O deputado Fernando Gabeira (PV-RJ) disse que o projeto melhora a longo prazo as políticas climáticas do país. “O projeto visa a passar progressivamente o Brasil por uma sociedade de baixo carbono. Ele contém algumas orientações sobre mudança de frota do governo federal, sobre medidas que o governo deve tomar. Prevê também que temos de produzir até 25 % da energia de fontes renováveis. Enfim, tem uma série de boas sugestões que o Brasil pode aceitar e levar adiante.”
Segundo ele, o Legislativo queria ter uma posição sobre as políticas climáticas. “Essa será uma posição que o governo vai considerar quando estiver em Copenhague.” Gabeira disse que o Congresso melhorou o texto original. “Estamos agora com uma boa proposta para o momento. Precisamos avançar muito.”

Agência Brasil

segunda-feira, outubro 26th, 2009 | Author: admin

O diretor-presidente da Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Amazonas (Fapeam), Odenildo Sena, anunciou em Manaus (AM), a liberação de R$ 31 milhões para o financiamento de bolsas de doutorado, pós-doutorado e projetos de pesquisa voltados para o desenvolvimento científico regional.
Os recursos são da Fapeam, do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq) e da Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (Capes) do Ministério da Educação (MEC).
A insituição lançou o edital do Programa de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento de Tecnologias para a produção de Biocombustíveis no Amazonas (Biocom), que vai financiar projetos na área de biocombustíveis, fomentando pesquisas para viabilizar o potencial produtivo de espécies nativas e o uso de recursos naturais. Para este programa estão reservados R$ 3 milhões.
“O Biocom é estratégico para o Amazonas e para o Brasil porque diz respeito ao investimento em fontes de energia limpa e renovável. Vamos investir em pesquisas centradas em oleaginosas da região que tragam benefícios diretos para comunidades isoladas do Amazonas”, disse Sena.
Em seis anos de existência, a Fapeam investiu aproximadamente R$ 200 milhões em pesquisas e em pesquisadores do Amazonas. A partir de março de 2010, 170 novas bolsas de doutorado estarão disponíveis no estado, por meio de uma parceria com a Capes e com o CNPq.

Agência Brasil